We have been glued to news channels and newspapers and have been supporting online organizations to protest against the release of the juvenile accused in the Nirbhaya case. We have somehow lost trust in the judicial system. From the day such incidents started coming into limelight not a single woman feels safe. I live in a free independent country, as a free independent married woman but I am still not free. I think 10 times before venturing out of my house if it is beyond 10 PM, considering that I stay in one of the most busy areas in Bangalore. Despite all this, I am still not free to move around all by myself, even if I want to just grab an ice cream at midnight. I read the newspapers and feel more insecure. There is a question that lingers in my mind always... 'What If....?' I feel scared thinking beyond that.
So, if at all I become a victim, what should I do or what should any woman do?
Reports say that :
Only 1% of women who face sexual violence and want to seek help end up reporting it to the police according to the National Family Health Survey, 2005-06.
Nearly two-thirds of women who have ever faced violence (physical and sexual) never seek help.
In cases of only sexual violence, only 15% have ever told anyone about their experience and only 8% of women ever seek help!
In all, 35% of women aged 15-49 in India have experienced physical or sexual violence.
The#KnowYourRights initiative taken by Amnesty International is a much needed step to make women aware about their rights.
Amnesty International is a Nobel Peace Prize winning global movement of 7 million people committed to defending people’s rights. In India, Amnesty International India started work 3 years ago and already has 3 million supporters.
What is the need to report cases of Sexual violence? For those, who are not aware, Sexual violence does not only include rape or physical harm. It also includes incidents of sexual harassment, voyeurism and stalking. If women feel scared and do not report such cases, the police will not know. The moment we are quiet about it and scared to voice out our opinions, the culprits will feel triumphant. They will never get punished. There has to be someone, who has to teach them a lesson so that they do not repeat such offenses again. If stringent action is taken against one offender the rest will never dare to harm a woman again.
Reporting such cases and getting to know the proper procedure to file an FIR is important. Thankfully, the police has also started helping out women to make it easy in reporting such cases. There are glitches in the report filing system too but how will we even get to know the flaws if we do not know the proper procedure?
Amnesty International has helped us by clearly putting down procedures to be followed while filing a complaint for sexual violence.
An FIR ( First Information report) against sexual violence can be filed in any police station, not necessarily the one nearest to the incident.
One can register a complaint either over phone or e-mail. But to complete the FIR registration one must visit a police station .
An FIR can be filed by a friend, witness or a family member too. But they must have the full consent of the survivor and the survivor must be willing to be part of the investigations later.
If a survivor of sexual violence is physically or mentally disabled, a police officer must visit the survivor to register the FIR
Police cannot refuse to file an FIR. If refused the police officer can be punished under law and you can register a complaint with higher authorities.
A woman police officer must be present when you file an FIR against sexual violence.
After registering an FIR, one is entitled to a court-appointed lawyer. But it is good to consult your own lawyer.
Many times, victims or their relatives do not report cases of sexual violence as they do not trust the system. Their is a huge gap between the police and the local crowd. Women feel the atmosphere at the police station might not be friendly for them when they approach with their issue. That is because incidents have happened where no one came forward to support the victim.
Amnesty International decided to bridge this gap by attempting to bring the police and the local communities closer . They started making women aware through #KnowYourRights campaign so that women know about their rights and also the correct reporting procedures. I am really proud to say that the initiative was started in July 2015 as a pilot with Bengaluru police in which the police encouraged the community to approach them without fear.
This encouragement is much needed in order to drive away the fear and hesitation in the minds of women. This is the only way in which we can regain our trust in the judicial system and report incidents of sexual violence with ease. Sensitive issues like these have not been handled well but once the police and the community try to understand the approach which is required in such cases, the work becomes easier.
Reporting about instances like these will go a great way in helping the police to identify offenders and catch them soon. Otherwise the level of sexual violence will keep increasing and no one will be aware of it. We are in a free country, why live in fear? Why should a woman be bothered about her safety? If women want to feel free and safe it is best to report cases of sexual violence.
For details, do visit their website: https://www.amnesty.org.in/. Courtesy Amnesty International for information and facts stated here.